The types of radioactive decay and the evidence that decay is constant over the range of conditions undergone by the rocks available to scientists before discussing some of their claims, it is worth discussing briefly.
Most radioactive decay involves the ejection of 1 or maybe more sub-atomic particles through the nucleus. Alpha decay takes place when an alpha particle (a helium nucleus), composed of two protons as well as 2 neutrons, is ejected from the nucleus of this moms and dad isotope. Beta decay involves the ejection of the beta particle (an electron) from the nucleus. Gamma rays (very small packages of power) will be the unit through which an atom rids itself of extra power. Because these kinds of radioactive decay happen spontaneously into the nucleus of a atom, the decay prices are really unaffected by real or chemical conditions. The causes with this are that nuclear forces function over distances much smaller compared to the distances between nuclei, and that the levels of power tangled up in nuclear transformations are much more than those tangled up in normal chemical responses or normal conditions that are physical. Placing it one other way, the “glue” holding the nucleus together is very effective, in addition to nucleus is well insulated through the world that is external the electron cloud surrounding every atom. This mixture of the strength of nuclear binding while the insulation associated with the nucleus is why researchers must use effective accelerators or atomic reactors to penetrate and cause alterations in the nuclei of atoms.